In the 9th century a Scandinavian sailor revealed a peculiar place known as Iceland. Iceland is conspicuously located at the north of the Atlantic Ocean amid Greenland and Norway specifically at the south Arctic Circle. The country covers about 39,769 square miles/ 103,000 m2 ; Out of the 103,000 square kilometers, 11.1% are covered by glaciers, and a large part of the island is covered by lava, sands mountains and other wilderness. The Gulf Stream in this zone temperate the weather, so even with this cold name, the country is not at all “ALL ICE”. The capital city of Iceland is Reykjavik where the majority of the population lives.
It is said that Icelandic culture started upon the population of Iceland’s Scandinavian inheritance. And almost all Icelanders are offspring of Germanic and Gaelic colonies. In 2013, the estimated populace in the country was about 321,857. But in 1703, when the first survey was done, the inhabitants amounted to 50,358. In 2007, the population of the capital region was 195,970 people.
Presently, population of Iceland is amazingly standardized. According to Icelandic government statistics, 99% of the nation’s residents live in metropolitan areas or localities with populations greater than 200 and 60% live in the Capital Region.
Icelandic is the language spoken among Icelanders since medieval times. However, most people speak English and to some extent Danish which are both compulsory in primary school.
The lives of majority of the population of Iceland are based fishing and other important sources of income are agriculture and tourism. But, at this contemporary age, Icelanders lives are focused on family households and not at all limited on recreational activities as many might think.
Icelanders enjoy different gatherings where it is customary to consume a considerable amount of sugar and coffee as well as lavish pastries and cakes. As reported in 1991, their main sources of livelihood were agriculture, fishing and fish processing. Some of the population of Iceland has connected to other chief industries like building construction, commerce, transportation, communication, finance, insurance and public sector for survival. The country’s meat, dairy and grain products are traded in.
The population of Iceland is used to the multi-party parliamentary form of government. There is a written a constitution and they elect their president every four-years. The president is not a political figure in Iceland and not a part of parliament, his only power is whether to approve all of the legislation passed by the parliament or not. In cases where parliament approve something the people do not like, the president can deny signing the legislation, like what happened in the Icesave legislation, and then the legislation will be put to a national vote.
Icelandic people have only minimum societal problems such as crime and abuse though they don’t have military forces. The police mostly monitor the drivers in the driveway in order to ensure the safety of passengers but of course they are also on top of disassembling drug smugglings and other crimes when it occurs. Within the population of Iceland there is a low unemployment rate. Thus, the country has a high standard of living.
Education from kinder to college is one of the primary concerns of every young citizen in the country as it is rather inexpensive compared to other schools and universities around the world. The way people socialize and express their ideas in the public is based on egalitarian interaction. Iceland strives to maintain good behavior towards fellowmen and to show stillness at all times. A big population of Iceland are registered to the Evangelical Lutheran Church teachings but very few can be considered truly religious. However even though people are not serious about religion in Iceland they still take gain on different holidays based on the Evangelical Lutheran calendar. Usually most of the population of Iceland spend their summer vacation travelling and adventuring from one place to another.
As an identified rich country, people enjoy the well-established modernized health care system.
The government supports the arts and theater. As such, there is a theater community found in the capital city where many students and tourist spend their leisure time taking advantage of it by participating or enrolling to acquire any theater skills related. Furthermore, the University of Iceland, which focuses on scientific research, continuously draws in engineers and scientists who desire to concentrate their studies on geothermal energy.
Indeed, Iceland is one of the most progressive countries located in the European continent, which is why many, especially those from developing countries, wish to search for a greener pasture there and hopes to stay for the rest of their lives once they arrive.