Hekla is a composite Icelandic volcano, known as stratovolcano, is conically made of many layers of deadened lava, pumice, volcanic ash, and tephra. Iceland’s Heckla is noted as one of the most vigorously active volcanoes; it has erupted over twenty times already since the year 874. History depicts this as the “Gateway to Hell” volcano, being a portion of volcanic ridge, with a measurement of 25 miles or 40 kilometers long. The fissure of about 5.5 km (3.4 mi) long named Heklugjá, is the most active ridge and considered the center of Hekla Iceland volcano.
One of the largest volumes of lava has been produced by Hekla measuring around 8 km. Its large and recurrent blasts of eruptions have enclosed Iceland greatly with tephra, and 10 percent is believed to be 5 km of Hekla.
The recorded latest eruption of Hekla was February 26, 2000 and was active for almost two weeks. After just a seventy-nine minute warning, it exploded. Although some of the blasts were small and short, numerous blasts also ended after months wherein ashes were adequately pumped into the atmosphere that temporarily chilled the northern latitudes.
The Hekla volcano in Iceland is located 93 miles (150 km) southeast of Reykjvik, the capital of Iceland and of minimal population.
The people surrounding the area and volcano watchers have anxiously feared a new blast at Hekla since 2006, when little earthquakes and bulged surfaces first indicated the appearance of new magma. Reports and news publications warned that same surface swelling appeared at Hekla in 2011 and 2013, but no eruption resulted.